HOW TO ANALYZE A SENTENCE
Overview of future Grammar lessons
How to analyze the meaning of a sentence through sentence parts
PARTS OF THE SENTENCE
SubjectVerb - Direct Object - Indirect Object - Object of the Preposition - Object Compliment - Predicate nominative
Transitive Verbs Linking Verbs
Subject - Active Verb – Direct Object Subject – Linking Verb – Predicate Nominative
Subject – Active Verb – Indirect Object – Direct Object Subject – Linking Verb – Predicate Adjective
Subject – Active Verb – Direct Object – Object Compliment
What are the details in the sentence? Look for Adjective and Adverbs.
FOUR STRUCTURES OF SENTENCES
Compound - Complex Sentences
FOUR TYPES OF SENTENCES
Phrases -ing words Clauses
Participle Phrase Is it a Gerund? Noun Clauses
Gerund Phrase Is it a Present Participle? Adjective Clauses
Infinitives Is it a Present Progressive Verb? Adverb Clauses
Semantic Classification of Adverbial Clauses
Purpose Place Degree Condition Comparison
Time Result Manner Cause / Reason Cause / Reason
Semantics and Grammar
15 Semantic Classifications of Prepositions
Accompaniment – They are coming with us.
Agency – The novel was written by Tolstoy
Appeal – Labor with all your strength.
Cause – He resigned because of illness.
Condition – The nation is at peace.
Degree – He won the game by five points.
Destination – They planned a trip to Colorado.
Direction – They went toward the village.
Instrument – He shaved with an electric razor.
Manner – The rug was woven by hand.
Measure – The water rose little by little.
Place – They live in France.
Purpose – She is studying for her degree.
Source – This wine comes from Italy.
Time – The plane arrives at midnight.
Semantic Classification of Spatial Preposition
Semantic Classification of Adverbs
Semantic Classification of Conjunctions
SUBJECT AND VERB: MAIN IDEA OF A SENTENCE
Tense Inchoative Verbs Imperfect Tense Simple Tense (One Element of Time)
Voice Momentary Verbs Progressive Perfect Tense (Two Elements of Time and the Idea of Completion)
Mood Frequentative Continuous
Aspect Transitional Verbs Durative
Phase Process Verbs Sequence
Grammar and the Sciences
BUILD A SENTENCE
Apply You Sentence Skills
Analyze the following 100 word sentence.
The present movement toward simplification of language and directness of statement in government writing and the elimination of jargon and unnecessary wordiness as well as the use of short, direct statements instead of long sentences which are difficult to understand because the reader is apt to get lost before he arrives, if he ever does, at the meaning intended by the writer, is a valuable attempt to achieve economy and intelligibility, for many pamphlets, instruction sheets, ordinary memoranda and assorted missives circulated through the War Department fail of their primary purpose through befogging their contents by use pseudo-official phraseology which only the initiated can hope to understand and of which even they cannot be certain without reference either to the key words needed for translating them or to their own garbled and confused memories of dealing, usually without much success and always after a long period of time and travail, with similar kinds of wording in similar situations, so though don’t be too hopeful, for someone with unusual gifts and energy in applying them will manage triumphantly to misunderstand you no matter what you say or how you say it, try saying what you have to say as simply and as briefly as you can, and then after you’ve said it, stop saying it and don’t say it any more.